Buddhism began in North Eastern India and is based on the teachings of Siddhartha Gautama. The religion is 2,500 years old and is followed by 350 million Buddhists worldwide.
Buddhism is the main religion in many Asian countries. It is a religion about suffering and the need to get rid of it. A key concept of Buddhism is Nirvana, the most enlightened, and blissful state that one can achieve. A state without suffering.
|Place of Origin||North East India|
|Founder||Siddhartha Gautama(The Buddha)|
|How is Buddhism different from
Buddhism is different from many other faiths because it is not centred on the relationship between humanity and God. Buddhists do not believe in a personal creator God.
|Who is the
founder of Buddhism?|
The Buddhist tradition is founded on and inspired by the teachings of Siddhartha Gautama. He was called the Buddha and lived in the 4th or 5th century B.C. in India.
Why is Siddhartha Gautama so
important to Buddhists?
|Why is it already sounding so
complicated. You need read no further as here is my
Here is all you have to do to become the same as the Buddha or "awakened one".
Who was Siddhartha Gautama?
He was born around the year 580 BCE in the village of Lumbini in Nepal. He was born into a royal family and for many years lived with in the palace walls away from the sufferings of life; sufferings such as sickness, age, and death. He did not know what they were.
One day, after growing-up, marrying and having a child, Siddhartha went outside the royal palace and saw, each for the first time, an old man, a sick man, and a corpse. He was worried by what he saw. He learned that sickness, age, and death were the inevitable fate of human beings — a fate no-one could avoid.
Why did Siddhartha Gautama stop being a prince
and become a Holy Man?
Siddharta's travels showed him much more of the the
suffering of the world.
|What are the symbols of Buddhism?|
||The wheel of life which symbolises the cycle
of life, death and rebirth.|
The eight spokes remind people that the Buddha taught about eight ways of life.
|The lotus flower symbolises purity and divine
The lotus flower grows in mud at the bottom of a pool, but rises above the surface to become a beautiful flower. Buddhist say this is how people should rise above everything which is dukkha. A flower may be very beautiful and have a wonderful scent, but it soon withers and dies. This shows that nothing in life is perfect.
||Images of Buddha|
Statues of Buddha include lots of symbols. There are 32 symbols in Buddhism which show that the Buddha was a special person. Any of these symbols can be used on statues.
For example, the Buddha is often shown with a bump on on the top of his head. This is a symbol that he had special talents. He is often seen with a round mark on his forehead, which is his third eye. This is a symbol to show that he could see things ordinary people cannot see. He may be shown with curled hair, which is a symbol that he was a very holy man. Sometimes he has long ears, which is a symbol that he came from an important family, and also that he could hear things that other people could not.
Where do Buddhists Worship?
How to Buddhists Worship?
When a Buddhist worships alone they usually meditate and read from the Buddhist holy books.
Every month. most Buddhists have special religious days These are often days when there is a full moon. Many Buddhists go to temples to worship on these special days.
What is Enlightenment and Nirvana /
Breaking out of the cycle is called Nirvana (sometimes called Nibbana). It is the end of everything that is not perfect. It is perfect peace, free of suffering.
What is the sacred text (Holy
Book) of Buddhists?
It is written in an ancient Indian language called Pali which is very close to the language that the Buddha himself spoke. The Tripitaka is a very large book. The English translation of it takes up nearly forty volumes.
Buddhism is based on Buddha's teachings. At first these were passed down by word of mouth and later were complied into two sets of scripture. One set by Council of Monks of the Theravada school (the Tripitaka) the other by the Mahayana school ( the Sutras). Both were similar.
Both Theravada and Mahayana Buddhists generally accept
the Tripitaka (called Tipitaka in Pali) as the Buddhist sacred
The three section of the Tripitaka (three baskets of Wisdom) are
Parts of the Tripitaka such as the Dhamma-pada and the
Sutta-Nipata are among the most expressive religious books in the world.
Some of Buddha's parables are very similar to those used by
What do Buddhist believe?
The Three Jewels
One important belief involves reincarnation: the concept that one must go through many cycles of birth, living, and death. After many such cycles, if a person releases their attachment to desire and the self, they can attain Nirvana - a state of liberation and freedom from suffering.
At the heart of the Buddha's teaching lie The Four Noble Truths and The Eightfold Path which lead the Buddhist towards the path of Enlightenment.
What did Buddha teach?
What did Buddha teach?
The Buddha's teaching is often divided into three parts.
The Three Signs of Being
The Three Signs of Being are the ways that the Buddha used to describe life.
The Four Noble Truths
What is the First Noble Truth?
Dukkha: Suffering exists:
What is the Second Noble Truth?
Samudaya: There is a cause for
What is the Third Noble Truth?
Nirodha: There is an
end to suffering.
What is the Fourth Noble Truth?
The Noble Eight-Fold Path
The Noble Eight-fold Path focuses the mind on being fully aware of our thoughts and actions, and developing wisdom by understanding the Four Noble Truths. It is the way Buddhists should live their lives. The Buddha said that people should avoid extremes. They should not have or do too much, but neither should they have or do too little. The 'Middle Way' is the best.
The path to Enlightenment (nirvana) is through the practice and development of wisdom, morality and meditation.
What are the 5 Precepts (morals)?
|What is Karma?
Karma is the law that every cause has an effect, i.e., our actions have results. This simple law explains a number of things: inequality in the world, why some are born handicapped and some gifted, why some live only a short life. Buddhists believe that are past actions have an effect on who or what we are in our next life.
Are There Different Types of